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  • 自動化立體倉庫 Automated Storage & Retrieval System

    一 自動化立體倉庫(AS/RS) Automated Storage & Retrieval System

    自動化倉庫(automatic warehouse )是指由電子計算機進行管理和控制,不需要人工搬運而實現收發作業的倉庫。 

    立體倉庫(stereoscopic warehouse)是指采用高層貨架以貨箱或托盤儲存貨物,用巷道堆垛起重機及其他機械進行作業的倉庫。

    將上述兩種倉庫的作業結合為自動化立體倉庫。

    由高層貨架,巷道堆垛起重機、入出庫輸送機系統、自動化控制系統、計算機倉庫管理系統及其周邊設備組成,可對集裝單元貨物實現自動化保管和計算機管理的倉庫。

    1. Automated Storage & Retrieval System

    Automatic warehouse refers to a warehouse that is managed and controlled by electronic computers and does not require manual handling to realize receiving and dispatching operations.

    Stereoscopic warehouse refers to a warehouse that uses high-rise shelves to store goods in boxes or pallets, and uses roadway stacking cranes and other machinery to operate.

    The operations of the above two warehouses are combined into an automated three-dimensional warehouse.

    It is composed of high-rise shelves, roadway stacking cranes, in-outbound conveyor systems, automatic control systems, computerized warehouse management systems and peripheral equipment, which can realize automated storage and computerized management of containerized goods.

    二 自動化立體倉庫的功能  

    1 大量存取和保管

    意大利Benetton公司建造一個30萬貨位的自動化立體倉庫,可以承擔向全球60多個國家的5000多間連鎖店配送貨物的任務。

    2.自動存取 

    出入庫和庫內的搬運作業全部由計算機控制的自動化系統來實現,運行和處理速度快,大幅度提高了勞動生產率。

    3.調節供需——“大型蓄水池”

    生產均衡、消費具有季節性:空調

    生產不均衡、消費均衡連續:生活必需品

    4.貨物運輸能力的調節 

    不同運輸方式的銜接是不平衡的。大型的集裝箱船可以運輸1-2萬標準集裝箱,拖車僅能運輸2個標準箱。

    2. Functions of Automated Storage & Retrieval System

    (1)Bulk access and storage

    The Italian company Benetton built an automated warehouse with 300,000 spaces, which can undertake the task of delivering goods to more than 5,000 chain stores in more than 60 countries around the world.

    (2) Automatic access

    The loading and unloading of the warehouse and the handling operations in the warehouse are all realized by the computer-controlled automatic system. The operation and processing speed are fast, and the labor productivity is greatly improved.

    (3) Regulating Supply and Demand - "Large Reservoir"

    Production is balanced, consumption is seasonal: air conditioning

    Unbalanced production, balanced and continuous consumption: daily necessities

    (4)Adjustment of cargo transport capacity

    The convergence of different modes of transport is unbalanced. Large container ships can transport 10,000-20,000 TEUs, and trailers can only transport 2 TEUs.

    三 主要設備 

    1、高層貨架:

    自動化立體倉庫從建筑形式上看,可分為整體式和分離式兩種。 

    1)整體式是庫房貨架合一的倉庫結構形式;

    2)分離式是庫架分離的倉庫結構形式,單獨安裝在倉庫建筑物內。

    高層貨架都是主體。

    2、堆垛機:

    堆垛機是自動化立體倉庫中最重要的起重運輸設備,是代表立體倉庫特征的標志。

    主要用途是在立體倉庫通道內運行,將位于巷道口的貨物存入貨格或者將貨格中的貨物取出,運送到巷道口。

    主要有巷道式堆垛機、橋式堆垛機、堆垛叉車(無軌堆垛機)及碼垛機器人。

    3、周邊搬運設備:

    巷道堆垛機可在高層貨架間的巷道內的軌道來回運動,其升降平臺上的貨物存取裝置(貨叉)可將貨物存入貨格或從貨格中取出。

    周邊搬運設備一般是店里驅動,由自動或手動控制把貨物從一處移到另一處,主要包括輸送機、自動導引小車等。作用是配合巷道堆垛機完成貨物的輸送、轉移、分揀等作業。

    自動導引車AGV , Automatic Guided Vehicle)具有自動導引裝置,能夠沿著設定的路徑行駛,在車體上具有編程和停車選擇裝置、安全保護裝置以及各種物品移栽功能的搬運車輛。

    這種系統具有服務面廣、運輸線路長、運輸線路靈活多變,運行費用少、系統安全可靠及無人操作等特點。

    3. Major Equipment

    (1)High-rise shelves:

    From the perspective of architectural form, automated three-dimensional warehouses can be divided into two types: integral and separated.

    a. Integral is a warehouse structure that integrates warehouse shelves;

    b. The separate type is a warehouse structure with separate warehouse racks and is installed separately in the warehouse building.

    High-rise shelves are the main body.

    (2)Stacker:

    The stacker is the most important lifting and transportation equipment in the automated three-dimensional warehouse, and it is the symbol representing the characteristics of the three-dimensional warehouse.

    The main purpose is to run in the three-dimensional warehouse passage, store the goods at the entrance of the roadway into the cargo compartment or take out the goods in the cargo compartment and transport them to the roadway entrance.

    There are mainly roadway stackers, bridge stackers, stacking forklifts (trackless stackers) and stacking robots.

    (3)Peripheral handling equipment:

    The roadway stacker can move back and forth on the track in the roadway between the high-rise shelves, and the cargo access device (fork) on the lifting platform can store or take out the goods from the cargo compartment.

    The peripheral handling equipment is generally driven by the store, and the goods are moved from one place to another by automatic or manual control, mainly including conveyors, automatic guided trolleys, etc. The function is to cooperate with the roadway stacker to complete the transportation, transfer, sorting and other operations of the goods.

    Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV, Automatic Guided Vehicle) has an automatic guidance device that can travel along a set path, and has a programming and parking selection device, safety protection device, and various item transplanting functions on the vehicle body. 

    This system has the characteristics of wide service area, long transportation line, flexible transportation line, low operating cost, safe and reliable system and unmanned operation.


    四 自動化立體倉庫的適用條件 

    1 貨品的出入庫頻率較大,并且貨物流動比較穩定;

    2 需要有較大的資金投入;

    3 需要配備一支高素質的專業技術隊伍;

    4 對貨品包裝要求嚴格;

    5 倉庫的建筑地面應有足夠的承載能力。

    4. Applicable Conditions of Automated Storage & Retrieval System

    (1)  The frequency of goods entering and leaving the warehouse is relatively large, and the flow of goods is relatively stable;

    (2)  Requires a large capital investment;

    (3)  It is necessary to be equipped with a high-quality professional and technical team;

    (4)  Strict requirements for the packaging of goods;

    (5)  The building floor of the warehouse shall have sufficient bearing capacity.



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