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  • 智慧倉儲 AGV小車的應用分析 Application Analysis of Smart Warehousing AGV Trolley

    (一)、AGV小車在倉儲業的發展:

    倉儲業是AGV最早應用的場所。1954年世界上首臺AGV在美國的South Carolina州的Mercury Motor Freight公司的倉庫內投入運營,用于實現出入庫貨物的自動搬運。

    目前世界上約有2萬臺各種各樣AGV運行在2100座大大小小倉庫中。倉儲管理在物流管理中占據著核心地位。傳統的倉儲管理中存在數據采集靠手工錄入或條碼掃描,工作效率較低;庫內貨位劃分不清晰,堆放混亂不利收斂;實物盤點技術落后,導致常常賬實不符;人為因素影響大,差錯率高,增加額外成本;缺乏流程跟蹤,責任難以界定等問題。通過智慧物流,加大裝備技術升級力度,提升自動化水平,實現機器替代人的戰略,有效解決倉儲物流管理的現存痛點。

    海爾集團于2000年投產運行的開發區立體倉庫中,9AGV組成了一個柔性的庫內自動搬運系統,成功地完成了每天23400的出入庫貨物和零部件的搬運任務。其中AGV小車是智能化物流倉庫中必不可少的工具。

    1. The development of AGV trolleys in the warehousing industry:

    The warehousing industry is the earliest application of AGV. In 1954, the world's first AGV was put into operation in the warehouse of Mercury Motor Freight in South Carolina, USA, to realize the automatic handling of inbound and outbound goods.

    At present, there are about 20,000 various AGVs running in 2,100 large and small warehouses in the world. Warehousing management occupies a core position in logistics management. In traditional warehouse management, data collection relies on manual entry or barcode scanning, which results in low work efficiency; the division of goods in the warehouse is not clear, and the stacking is chaotic and unfavorable for convergence; the technology of physical inventory is outdated, which often leads to discrepancies between accounts and actual accounts; human factors have a great influence and make mistakes High rate and extra cost; lack of process tracking and difficulty in defining responsibilities. Through smart logistics, increase the upgrading of equipment technology, improve the level of automation, realize the strategy of replacing people with machines, and effectively solve the existing pain points of warehousing and logistics management.

    In the three-dimensional warehouse in the development zone put into operation by Haier Group in 2000, 9 AGVs formed a flexible automatic handling system in the warehouse, which successfully completed the handling tasks of 23,400 inbound and outbound goods and parts per day. Among them, the AGV car is an indispensable tool in the intelligent logistics warehouse.


    (二)、AGV小車在智能倉儲的優勢: 

    1、對于企業而言,最誘人的優勢就是AGV小車可以節約成本。AGV小車可以24小時不停歇工作,在某些生產環節上可以替代100個勞動力,而且只需要1-2個人看管。這不僅大大降低了人工成本,工作效率遠比人工要高。

    2、AGV小車工作,使得產量更加穩定。AGV小車在工作的過程中每一個操作環節的耗時是固定的,也就是說每一個成品的耗時也是固定的,使得產量得到了穩定的保障。而且產品的成品率也高,這比較符合企業的利益。

    3、AGV小車代替人工,還可保障員工作業安全。采用AGV小車生產,可以更大程度保障工人的工作安全性。不會出現由于工作疏忽或者疲勞造成的工傷事故,使用AGV小車可確保安全生產,另外,在一些比較危險的工作當中,采用AGV小車操作,精確度更高,穩定性更好,安全性更強。

    2. The advantages of AGV trolleys in intelligent warehousing:

    (1) For enterprises, the most attractive advantage is that AGV cars can save costs. The AGV trolley can work 24 hours a day without stopping, and can replace 100 labors in some production links, and only 1-2 people are required to take care of it. This not only greatly reduces labor costs, but also works much more efficiently than labor.

    (2) The AGV trolley works, making the output more stable. The time-consuming of each operation link of the AGV trolley is fixed during the working process, that is to say, the time-consuming of each finished product is also fixed, so that the output is guaranteed stably. And the yield of the product is also high, which is more in line with the interests of the enterprise.

    (3) The AGV trolley replaces labor and can also ensure the safety of employees. The use of AGV trolley production can ensure the safety of workers to a greater extent. There will be no work-related accidents caused by negligence or fatigue. The use of AGV trolleys can ensure safe production. In addition, in some more dangerous jobs, AGV trolleys are used to operate with higher accuracy, better stability and stronger safety. 


    (三)、AGV小車在智能倉儲的發展現狀: 

    亞馬遜、阿里、京東,都在全面轉向倉儲物流智能化,以提升現有的物流水平。

    1.亞馬遜Kiva每小時揀選過萬件

    Kiva機器人可以說是最早電商倉儲物流機器人,Kiva集掃碼、稱重、分揀功能于一身,識別面單信息、實現最優路線投遞,每小時分揀完成可達18000件。

    2.阿里 “曹操”倉儲機器人自主研發

    阿里的“貨到人”倉儲機器人名字叫曹操,取名來自俗語“說曹操曹操就到”??梢詫崿F定位商品位置,以最優路徑揀貨,自動把貨物送到打包臺,據了解,其造價高達上百萬,所有系統由阿里自主研發。

    3.京東將打造全倉機器人

    京東將打造無人倉,從商品入庫、存儲、揀貨、包裝、分揀、裝車所有環節全部無人化,各種形態的機器人是倉內的唯一主角。據米克力美了解,主要有SHUTTLE貨架穿梭機器人、智能搬運機器人AGV、DELTA型分揀機器人、六軸機器人6-AXIS負責搬運碼垛。

    3. The development status of AGV trolleys in intelligent warehousing:

    Amazon, Ali, and JD.com are all turning to intelligent warehousing and logistics in order to improve the existing logistics level.

    (1) Amazon Kiva picks over 10,000 items per hour

    Kiva robot can be said to be the earliest e-commerce warehousing and logistics robot. Kiva integrates the functions of scanning code, weighing and sorting, identifying face sheet information, realizing optimal route delivery, and sorting up to 18,000 pieces per hour.

    (2) Independent research and development of Ali's "Cao Cao" warehousing robot

    Ali's "goods-to-person" warehousing robot is named Cao Cao, named after the saying "say Cao Cao and Cao Cao will arrive". It can locate the location of the goods, pick the goods by the optimal route, and automatically send the goods to the packing table. It is understood that the cost of the product is as high as one million, and all systems are independently developed by Ali.

    (3) Jingdong will build a full-warehouse robot

    JD.com will build an unmanned warehouse, and all links from commodity warehousing, storage, picking, packaging, sorting, and loading will be unmanned. Robots of various forms are the only protagonists in the warehouse. According to Mi Kelimei, there are mainly SHUTTLE shelf shuttle robots, intelligent handling robots AGV, DELTA sorting robots, and six-axis robot 6-AXIS responsible for handling and palletizing.


    AGV在智能物流倉儲的應用被稱為是物流自動化系統中最具有柔性化的一個環節,也是在物流領域中首選的簡單有效的自動物料運輸方式。AGV機器人在倉儲物流領域主要應用于倉儲中心貨物的智能揀選、位移,立體車庫的小車出入庫以及港口碼頭機場的貨柜轉運。鋱羅機器人自主研發生產的AGV小車具有自動導引,自動行駛,優化路線,自動作業,交通管制,車輛調度,安全避碰,自動充電以及自動診斷等特點,同時可以從網絡、無線或紅外線接收客戶指令。

    The application of AGV in intelligent logistics and warehousing is known as the most flexible link in the logistics automation system, and it is also the preferred simple and effective automatic material transportation method in the logistics field. In the field of warehousing and logistics, AGV robots are mainly used in intelligent picking and displacement of goods in storage centers, trolleys in and out of three-dimensional garages, and container transfer in ports, terminals and airports. The AGV car independently developed and produced by RJS Robot has the characteristics of automatic guidance, automatic driving, optimized route, automatic operation, traffic control, vehicle scheduling, safety collision avoidance, automatic charging and automatic diagnosis. Customer instructions.


    鋱羅機器人研發的舉升型AGV機器人與現代物流技術配合可實現點對點自動存取的高架箱儲、作業和搬運相結合,實現精細化、柔性化、信息化現代化智慧物流,適用于倉儲業,也可用于廠內物流搬運項目;自動管理倉儲物料入庫、揀選、出庫、盤點全過程。

    The lifting AGV robot developed by RJS Robot and modern logistics technology can realize the combination of point-to-point automatic access to high-bay container storage, operation and handling, realizing refined, flexible, information-based modern smart logistics, suitable for the warehousing industry, It can also be used for in-plant logistics handling projects; it can automatically manage the whole process of warehousing materials in storage, picking, outgoing and inventory.

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