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  • ?自動導引小車 ?Automated Guided Vehicles

    自動導引小車是一種以電池為動力,裝有非接觸式導向裝置的無人駕駛自動運輸車。自動導引小車主要功能是,在計算機控制下,通過復雜的路徑將物料按一定的停位精度輸送到指定的位置上。

    The Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) is a battery-powered, unmanned automatic transport vehicle equipped with a non-contact guiding device. The main function of the AGV is that, under the control of the computer, the material is transported to the designated position with a certain parking accuracy through a complex path.

    自動導引小車AGV的發展現狀:

    20世紀50年代中期,Barret公司設計出無人駕駛卡車,也就是自動導引小車AGV的最早雛形。后來,美國物料搬運研究所將其定義為自動導引小車AGV,它是可充電的無人駕駛小車,可根據路徑和定位情況編程,而且行走的路線可以改變和擴展。據報導,到1960年時,歐洲就安裝了各種型號不同水平的自動搬運車系統,使用了13,000多臺AGV。1959年AGV開始用于倉庫自動化和工廠作業中。日本也從這時開始引進AGV技術。日本是使用這種車輛最多的國家,在20世紀80年代末,擁有各種類型的自動搬運車超過一萬臺,其生產廠家達47家,廣泛應用于汽車制造、機械、電子、鋼鐵、化工、醫藥、印刷、倉儲、運輸業和商業上。

    20世紀70年代,AGV作為生產組成部分進入了生產系統,并得到了迅速發展。1973年,瑞典VOLVO公司在KALMAR轎車廠的裝配線上大量采用了AGV進行計算機控制裝配作業,擴大了AGV的使用范圍。

    The development status of AGV:

    In the mid-1950s, Barret designed a driverless truck, the earliest prototype of an automatic guided vehicle AGV. Later, the American Institute of Materials Handling defined it as an automatic guided car AGV, which is a rechargeable driverless car that can be programmed according to the path and positioning, and the walking route can be changed and expanded. According to reports, by 1960, various models and levels of automatic truck systems were installed in Europe, using more than 13,000 AGVs. AGVs began to be used in warehouse automation and factory operations in 1959. Japan also began to introduce AGV technology from this time. Japan is the country that uses the most such vehicles. At the end of the 1980s, there were more than 10,000 automatic trucks of various types, and there were 47 manufacturers, which were widely used in automobile manufacturing, machinery, electronics, steel, chemical industry. , medicine, printing, warehousing, transportation and commerce.

    In the 1970s, AGV entered the production system as a production component and developed rapidly. In 1973, the Swedish VOLVO company adopted a large number of AGVs on the assembly line of the KALMAR car factory for computer-controlled assembly operations, expanding the use of AGVs.

    自動導引小車AGV在AS/RS中的作用:

    控制臺通過計算機網絡接受立體倉庫管理系統下達的AGV輸送任務,通過無線局域網通訊系統實時采集各AGV、拆箱機器人的狀態信息。根據需求情況和當前AGV運行情況,將調度命令傳遞給選定的AGV。AGV完成一次運輸任務,在托盤回收站待命,等待下次任務。

    各立體庫出貨口和拆箱機器人處均有光導通訊裝置。對運行中的AGV,控制臺將通過無線局域網通訊系統與AGV交換信息,實現AGV問的避碰調度、工作狀態檢測、任務調度。在立體倉庫和拆箱機器人處通過光導通訊與AGV交換任務和狀態,完成移載。

    自動導航系統完成AGV的導引。充電系統由充電器和充電控制器組成,完成在線快速自動充電。AGV接受控制臺的任務,完成運輸。地面移載設備可實現AGV的自動移載、加載、交換空托盤。

    The role of AGV in AS/RS:

    The console accepts the AGV conveyance task issued by the three-dimensional warehouse management system through the computer network, and collects the status information of each AGV and the unpacking robot in real time through the wireless local area network communication system. According to the demand situation and the current AGV operation situation, the scheduling command is delivered to the selected AGV. The AGV completes a transportation task, stands by at the pallet recycling station, and waits for the next task.

    There are optical communication devices at the outlet of each three-dimensional warehouse and the unpacking robot. For the running AGV, the console will exchange information with the AGV through the wireless local area network communication system to realize the collision avoidance scheduling, working status detection and task scheduling of the AGV. At the three-dimensional warehouse and the unpacking robot, the task and status are exchanged with the AGV through optical communication to complete the transfer.

    The automatic navigation system completes the guidance of the AGV. The charging system consists of a charger and a charging controller to complete online fast and automatic charging. The AGV accepts the task of the console and completes the transportation. The ground transfer equipment can realize the automatic transfer, loading and exchange of empty pallets of AGV.

    自動引導小車

    鋱羅(上海)機器人科技有限公司自主研發的激光叉車AGV


    自動導引小車AGV的組成:

    AGV由以下各部分組成:車體、蓄電池、車上充電裝置、控制系統、驅動裝置、轉向裝置、精確定位裝置、移載機構、通信單元和導引系統組成。

    The composition of  AGV:

    AGV consists of the following parts: car body, battery, on-board charging device, control system, drive device, steering device, precise positioning device, transfer mechanism, communication unit and guidance system.


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