<bdo id="yymqi"><label id="yymqi"></label></bdo><strong id="yymqi"></strong>
  • <bdo id="yymqi"></bdo>
    <bdo id="yymqi"><blockquote id="yymqi"></blockquote></bdo>
  • AGV小車系統在汽車行業中的應用 Application of AGV Trolley System in the Automotive Industry

    自動導引車(Automated Guided Vehicle)通常稱AGV,自動導引車系統 (Automated Guided Vehicle System)通常稱AGVS。AGV是一種無人駕駛搬運車,它可以按照監控系統下達的指令,根據預先設計的程序,依照車載傳感器確定的位置信息,沿著規定的行駛路線和??课恢米詣有旭?。AGVS由中央監控系統,AGV,通信系統,地面導引系統,裝載、卸載站及其移載裝置,充電站等組成。自動導引車系統廣泛應用在倉庫,工廠, 碼頭,機場中的自動化倉儲系統,柔性加工,柔性裝配系統,以實現物流的自動化。本文將闡述汽車工業中的各個類型的 AGVS的主要技術指標和性能特點。

    Automated Guided Vehicle is usually called AGV, and Automated Guided Vehicle System is usually called AGVS. AGV is an unmanned guided vehicle, which can automatically drive along the specified driving route and parking position according to the instructions issued by the monitoring system, according to the pre-designed program, and according to the position information determined by the on-board sensors. AGVS consists of central monitoring system, AGV, communication system, ground guidance system, loading and unloading station and its transfer device, charging station, etc. Automated guided vehicle systems are widely used in warehouses, factories, docks, and airports in automated storage systems, flexible processing, and flexible assembly systems to automate logistics. This article will describe the main technical indicators and performance characteristics of various types of AGVS in the automotive industry.


    近年來,國內主要汽車制造廠商在汽車及總成的裝試領域都加大了技術投入和技術創新力度,在汽車裝試的生產組織、信息管理和物流技術等方面取得了不小的進步。如今汽車制造技術的總趨勢是:柔性化、靈捷化、智能化、信息化,圍繞這一技術發展趨勢,國內各主要汽車制造廠商在汽車裝試技術中應用了各種類型的AGV技術。

    In recent years, major domestic auto manufacturers have increased technical input and technological innovation in the field of assembly and testing of automobiles and assemblies, and have made considerable progress in the production organization, information management and logistics technology of automobile assembly and testing. Nowadays, the general trend of automobile manufacturing technology is: flexibility, agility, intelligence, and informatization. Around this technology development trend, major domestic automobile manufacturers have applied various types of AGV technology in automobile assembly and test technology.

     
    AGV是現代物流系統中的關鍵設備之一,以AGV小車電池為動力,進行非接觸式導引,并可根據實際需要配備不同的移載機構,以完成相應的操作任務。 

    AGV is one of the key equipment in modern logistics system. It is powered by AGV trolley battery for non-contact guidance, and can be equipped with different transfer mechanisms according to actual needs to complete corresponding operation tasks.


    如今,越來越多的汽車制造廠將AGV技術運用到他們的裝配線和物流作業中。為此,國內出現了適合于汽車裝配生產線及發動機裝配生產線磁帶導引AGV系統,用于汽車總裝和發動機、變速箱裝配,從而取代傳統的地鏈或輸送機模式。AGV系統還能夠滿足裝配線混流作業和今后汽車個性產品規模定制生產方式的需求。 

    Today, more and more automakers are incorporating AGV technology into their assembly lines and logistics operations. To this end, a tape-guided AGV system suitable for automobile assembly lines and engine assembly lines has emerged in China, which is used for automobile assembly and engine and gearbox assembly, thereby replacing the traditional ground chain or conveyor mode. The AGV system can also meet the needs of the mixed-flow operation of the assembly line and the large-scale customized production mode of automobile personalized products in the future.


    AGV系統作為汽車、發動機裝配生產線的子系統,上位控制計算機可配以相應的通信模塊與生產線控制系統進行通信連接。一般AGV控制系統劃分為上位控制和AGV單機控制兩大部分,各控制層界面清晰、控制功能明確、結構清楚。 

    The AGV system is a subsystem of the automobile and engine assembly production line. The upper control computer can be equipped with the corresponding communication module to communicate with the production line control system. The general AGV control system is divided into two parts: upper control and AGV stand-alone control. The interface of each control layer is clear, the control function is clear, and the structure is clear.


    通常,AGV上位控制系統負責任務(裝卸操作、AGV電池充電等)生成、車輛調度、交通管理、通信管理及可視化監控等;AGV單機控制系統根據上位系統下發的任務完成AGV單機的導航/導引計算、車輛驅動及自動裝卸貨工作(在汽車裝配線中通常是人工叉車裝卸)。

    Usually, the AGV upper control system is responsible for the generation of tasks (loading and unloading operations, AGV battery charging, etc.), vehicle scheduling, traffic management, communication management, and visual monitoring; Lead calculation, vehicle driving and automatic loading and unloading work (usually manual forklift loading and unloading in automobile assembly lines).

     
    在汽車裝配線中AGV的任務是順序執行的,AGV的車輛調度和交通管理并沒有任何優化過程,因此AGV單機的數量完全取決于制造商的生產能力和AGV自身運行的速度,與系統優化調度無關。

    The tasks of AGVs in the automobile assembly line are executed sequentially. There is no optimization process for AGV vehicle scheduling and traffic management. Therefore, the number of single AGV machines depends entirely on the manufacturer's production capacity and the speed of AGV's own operation, and has nothing to do with system optimization scheduling. 

     
    以下就汽車行業中應用的幾種典型的AGV系統進行闡述。

    The following describes several typical AGV systems used in the automotive industry.


    分裝線AGV系統:
    傳統的生產線一般都是由一條連續的剛性傳送設備組成,短則數米,長則數百米,如汽車發動機總成裝配線、后橋總成裝配線等。存在的突出問題是:
    ①要求每一道工序的節拍統一,否則就會因任何一道工序的停頓耽誤而影響整條生產線的進程,如缺料、缺件、廢品或出現意外問題。

    01 變速箱分裝AGV系統.jpg

    變速箱分裝AGV系統 Gearbox sub-assembly AGV system

    ②要求廠房很大很長很高(對于較大較重的要用行車起吊),土建成本高。

    02 發動機分裝AGV系統.jpg

    發動機分裝AGV系統 Engine sub-assembly AGV system

    ③連續的生產線隔斷了通道,造成供應線路長,人和車輛過往不方便。

    03 后橋分裝AGV系統.jpg

    后橋分裝AGV系統 Rear axle sub-assembly AGV system

    ④連續的生產線需要大量設備,投資成本較高。

    ⑤剛性生產線使得一些本可以同步、交叉進行的工作失去機會。   
    AGV在分裝系統的應用之后,不僅作為無人自動搬運車輛使用,也可當作是一個個可移動的裝配臺、加工臺使用,他們既能自由獨立地分開作業,又能準確有序地組合銜接,形成沒有物理隔斷,但能起動態調節作用,高度柔性的生產線。AGV作為可移動的載體,不但能夠實現輸送作用,而且可以根據各個工序的裝配工藝,調整被裝配體的各軸向的姿態調整,很大程度上提高了生產效率,降低了人工的勞動強度和難度。而且AGV系統能夠完全適應目前大規模定制生產和混流裝配模式,在滿足客戶個性化需求的同時,保證了較低的生產成本和較短的交貨期。適應生產多品種產品的市場需求,提高企業的組織和設備重組能力和對市場做出敏捷反應的能力。

    Sub-assembly line AGV system:

    Traditional production lines are generally composed of a continuous rigid conveying equipment, ranging from a few meters in length to hundreds of meters in length, such as automobile engine assembly line, rear axle assembly assembly line, etc. The outstanding problems that exist are:

    ① The rhythm of each process is required to be unified, otherwise the process of the entire production line will be affected due to the delay of any process, such as lack of materials, missing parts, scraps or unexpected problems.

    ② The factory building is required to be large, long and tall (for larger and heavier ones, it needs to be lifted by a crane), and the civil construction cost is high.

    ③Continuous production lines cut off the passage, resulting in long supply lines and inconvenience for people and vehicles.

    ④Continuous production line requires a lot of equipment, and the investment cost is high.

    ⑤ Rigid production lines make some jobs that could have been synchronous and crossed lost opportunities.

    After the application of the sub-assembly system, AGVs are not only used as unmanned automatic handling vehicles, but also as movable assembly tables and processing tables. They can not only operate independently and independently, but also accurately and orderly. Combined and connected to form a highly flexible production line that has no physical partition, but can play a dynamic adjustment role. As a movable carrier, AGV can not only realize the conveying function, but also adjust the posture adjustment of each axial direction of the assembled body according to the assembly process of each process, which greatly improves the production efficiency and reduces the labor intensity and cost of labor. difficulty. Moreover, the AGV system can fully adapt to the current mass customized production and mixed-flow assembly mode, which ensures lower production costs and shorter delivery times while meeting the individual needs of customers. Adapt to the market demand for producing a variety of products, improve the organization and equipment reorganization capabilities of enterprises and the ability to respond quickly to the market.





    物料配送AGV系統:
    轎車在混流生產的情況下,由于不同車型共線生產,各種車型需要裝配的零部件不同,物料的準確及時供應對于不同車型共線生產成為轎車生產企業重點要考慮的問題??傃b線上物料配送把所需的物料及時準確地送到所需的裝配工位上,包括供貨方進貨到位于總裝廠附近的物流配送中心儲存,再配送到總裝配線工位的整個物流的配送過程。一個好的AGV物流系統應該能夠“在正確的條件下,將正確的物料按正確的數量在正確的時刻運送到正確的地點”。 

    04 發動機箱體配送AGV系統.jpg

    發動機箱體配送AGV系統 Engine case distribution AGV system

    05 儀表盤配送AGV系統.jpg

    儀表盤配送AGV系統 Dashboard distribution AGV system

    06 小型零部件配送AGV小車系統.jpg

    小型零部件配送AGV小車系統 Small parts distribution AGV trolley system

    物料配送AGV系統是一套專門為汽車生產、裝配線設計的自動化物流系統系統。物料配送AGV系統通過安裝在工位旁邊一定數量的按鈕實現物料呼叫請求,并通過車間現場和物料存儲區設置信息顯示板來反饋生產線上的物料呼叫請求。配送AGV系統的上位系統會實時記錄下每一次物料請求發生的時間、地點和對物料請求的響應情況,并對此進行分析。物料配送系統允許操作者在其工作地點提出所需零部件的請求,指示AGV將此物料自動輸送到所請求的操作者生產場地。操作者可通過AGV上裝載的觸摸式顯示終端,獲取物料的各種信息,并可通過此終端對AGV進行其他的任務操作。

    Material distribution AGV system:

    In the case of mixed-flow production of sedans, due to the collinear production of different models, different parts need to be assembled for each model, the accurate and timely supply of materials has become a key issue for sedan manufacturers to consider for collinear production of different models. Material distribution on the assembly line delivers the required materials to the required assembly station in a timely and accurate manner, including the supplier's purchase of goods to the logistics distribution center near the assembly plant for storage, and then distributed to the assembly line station. delivery process. A good AGV logistics system should be able to "deliver the right material to the right place at the right time in the right amount under the right conditions".

    The material distribution AGV system is an automated logistics system specially designed for automobile production and assembly lines. The material distribution AGV system realizes the material call request through a certain number of buttons installed next to the workstation, and feeds back the material call request on the production line through the information display board on the workshop site and the material storage area. The upper system of the distribution AGV system will record the time, place and response to the material request in real time for each material request, and analyze it. The material distribution system allows the operator to make a request for the required parts at his workplace, instructing the AGV to automatically deliver this material to the requested operator's production site. The operator can obtain various information about the material through the touch display terminal loaded on the AGV, and can perform other task operations on the AGV through this terminal.




    底盤合裝AGV系統:
    底盤合裝AGV是汽車總裝生產線實現裝配自動化的關鍵設備。 
    汽車總裝生產線實現裝配自動化的主要難點集中在:汽車發動機、后橋、郵箱、排氣筒等底盤部件合裝的自動化。由于發動機、后橋質量大、體積大、形狀復雜,而且必須在汽車總裝自動化生產線設定的發動機、后橋裝配工位,與汽車總線上輸送的車體實現定位合裝,這就意味著自動化設備與汽車總線輸送的車體必須可實現動態跟蹤:確保動態行進中的定位精確——實現合裝的先決條件;同時具有一定的承載能力、舉升能力、操作靈活性和可靠的安全防護措施。 
    合裝型AGV是先進制造技術改造和提升傳統裝備的典范,對促進工業化發展有著重大意義——改變了傳統汽車工業裝配模式,大大降低了汽車裝配生產成本和工人的勞動強度,使汽車裝配更加經濟、高效、快捷——合裝型AGV作為高科技技術產品,為汽車工業的繁榮、發展作出了卓越的貢獻。 

    Chassis combined AGV system:

    The chassis assembly AGV is the key equipment for the assembly automation of the automobile assembly line.

    The main difficulty in realizing assembly automation in the automobile final assembly line is: the automation of the assembly of chassis components such as automobile engine, rear axle, mailbox, exhaust pipe, etc. Because the engine and rear axle are of large mass, large volume and complex shape, and the engine and rear axle assembly station set in the automatic production line of the automobile assembly must be positioned and assembled with the body conveyed on the automobile bus, which means automation The vehicle body conveyed by the equipment and the vehicle bus must be able to achieve dynamic tracking: to ensure accurate positioning during dynamic travel - a prerequisite for joint assembly; at the same time, it has a certain bearing capacity, lifting capacity, operational flexibility and reliable safety protection measures .

    Combined AGV is a model of advanced manufacturing technology to transform and upgrade traditional equipment, and it is of great significance to promote industrialization. It has changed the traditional assembly mode of the automobile industry, greatly reduced the production cost of automobile assembly and the labor intensity of workers, and made automobile assembly more efficient. Economical, efficient and fast - as a high-tech product, the combined AGV has made outstanding contributions to the prosperity and development of the automobile industry.




    下文列舉了幾種典型的合裝型AGV系統,并就其特點進行描述。

    Several typical multi-pack AGV systems are listed below and their characteristics are described.

    07 輕載單舉升AGV系統.jpg

    輕載單舉升AGV系統 Light load single lift AGV system

    特點 
    車體小,工作區域面積小,運動靈活。 
    采用筒式舉升機構,可承載小于1000kg的底盤部件。 
    適用于小型汽車的底盤部件合裝。

    Features

    The car body is small, the working area is small, and the movement is flexible.

    Adopting a barrel-type lifting mechanism, it can carry chassis components less than 1000kg.

    Chassis component assembly for small cars.



    08 重載單舉升AGV系統.jpg

    重載單舉升AGV系統 Heavy-duty single-lift AGV system

    特點 
    采用絲杠剪式舉升機構,可獲得更大的舉升能力,可承載1200kg以下底盤部件。 
    適用大、中型汽車的底盤合裝。

    Features

    The lead screw scissor lift mechanism is adopted to obtain greater lifting capacity and can carry chassis components under 1200kg.

    It is suitable for the chassis assembly of large and medium-sized cars.



    09 輕載雙舉升AGV系統.jpg

    輕載雙舉升AGV系統 Light load double lift AGV system

    特點 
    能夠全方位行駛。 
    可同時裝載動力和后橋總成。 
    采用筒式舉升機構,可承載小于1000kg的底盤部件。 
    適用于中、小型汽車的底盤部件合裝。

    Features

    Able to drive in all directions.

    Power and rear axle assemblies can be loaded at the same time.

    Adopting a barrel-type lifting mechanism, it can carry chassis components less than 1000kg.

    It is suitable for the assembly of chassis parts of medium and small cars.



    10 重型雙舉升AGV系統.jpg

    重型雙舉升AGV系統 Heavy duty double lift AGV system

    特點 
    能夠全方位行駛。 
    可同時裝載動力和后橋總成。 
    采用絲杠剪式舉升機構,可承載1200kg以下底盤部件。 
    適用于大、中型汽車的底盤部件合裝。

    Features

    Able to drive in all directions.

    Power and rear axle assemblies can be loaded at the same time.

    Adopt lead screw scissor lift mechanism, which can carry chassis parts below 1200kg.

    It is suitable for the assembly of chassis parts of large and medium-sized vehicles.



    11 同步升降型雙舉升AGV系統.jpg

    同步升降型雙舉升AGV系統 Synchronous lift type double lift AGV system

    特點 
    能夠全方位行駛。 
    可同時裝載動力總成、后橋總成、排氣總成、驅動軸總成。 
    前后舉升具有同步升降功能。 
    適用于大、中型四驅車和有特殊工藝要求的汽車的底盤部件合裝。

    Features

    Able to drive in all directions.

    The power assembly, rear axle assembly, exhaust assembly and drive shaft assembly can be loaded at the same time.

    The front and rear lifts have a synchronous lift function.

    It is suitable for the assembly of chassis parts of large and medium-sized four-wheel drive vehicles and automobiles with special technological requirements.



    12 可變軸距雙舉升AGV系統.jpg

    可變軸距雙舉升AGV系統 Variable wheelbase double lift AGV system

    特點 
    能夠全方位行駛。 
    可同時裝載動力和后橋總成。 
    采用螺旋舉升機構,可承載1500kg以下底盤部件。 
    前后舉升間距可在2438mm~2946mm之間變換,可兼容多種不同軸距車型的合裝。 
    適用于大、中型汽車的底盤部件合裝。

    Features

    Able to drive in all directions.

    Power and rear axle assemblies can be loaded at the same time.

    Adopting screw lifting mechanism, it can carry chassis parts under 1500kg.

    The lifting distance between the front and rear can be changed between 2438mm and 2946mm, which is compatible with the combination of a variety of different wheelbase models.

    It is suitable for the assembly of chassis parts of large and medium-sized vehicles.



    13 可變軸距雙舉升AGV系統.jpg

    載人提升雙舉升AGV系統 Manned lift double lift AGV system

    特點 
    能夠全方位行駛。 
    可同時裝載動力和后橋總成。 
    采用絲杠剪式舉升機構,可承載1200kg以下底盤部件。 
    AGV發動機舉升前端設置有可升降載人平臺 
    適用于發動機裝配有特殊裝配工藝要求的底盤部件合裝。
    以上只列舉了幾種具有代表性的AGV產品,AGV小車在汽車行業的廣泛應用將帶來的是國內汽車行業的全面變革,推動AGV市場產品多樣化的發展。

    Features

    Able to drive in all directions.

    Power and rear axle assemblies can be loaded at the same time.

    Adopt lead screw scissor lift mechanism, which can carry chassis parts below 1200kg.

    The front end of the AGV engine lift is provided with a liftable manned platform

    It is suitable for the assembly of chassis components with special assembly process requirements for engine assembly.

    The above only lists a few representative AGV products. The wide application of AGV cars in the automotive industry will bring about a comprehensive change in the domestic automotive industry and promote the development of product diversification in the AGV market.



    国产午夜无码精品免费看粉99_美女脱了内裤打开腿视频pppp_日本JAPANESEXXXX_欧美一级婬片AAAAAAA免费_高清