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  • AGV 的充電方式 AGV Charging Method

    為了分析各種AGV充電方式的特點,我們對AGV的充電方式按以下四種分類討論:

    In order to analyze the characteristics of various AGV charging methods, we discuss the AGV charging methods according to the following four categories:

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    (一)、可按充電時間分為隨機充電和全周期充電

    如果在 AGV 過程中有更多的充電點保證電能的及時損耗,電池的淺層充電和淺層放電將大大延長電池的使用壽命,降低所需電池的容量。全循環充電需要 AGV 從服務中退出,進入指定的充電區域,當電池電量減少到指定范圍時可以充電。

    1. It can be divided into random charging and full-cycle charging according to the charging time

    If there are more charging points in the AGV process to ensure the timely loss of electric energy, the shallow charging and shallow discharging of the battery will greatly extend the service life of the battery and reduce the required battery capacity. Full-cycle charging requires the AGV to withdraw from service and enter a designated charging area, where it can be charged when the battery power is reduced to the designated range.


    (二)、根據充電區域可分為在線充電和離線充電

    在線充電意味著 AGV 不需要離開工作崗位,也不需要特別的時間來充電。相反,它利用了工作過程中短暫的停止時間來進行充電。這種充電模式,充分利用了碎片的時間,不占用工作時間,實際上是對隨機電荷的延伸。將充電站嵌入 AGV 的工作流程中,進一步提高 AGV 的效率。離線充電是 AGV 退出服務,它被充電到充電區域或一個特殊的充電站。

    2. According to the charging area, it can be divided into online charging and offline charging

    Online charging means that the AGV does not need to leave the workplace and does not require special time to recharge. Instead, it takes advantage of brief stoppages during operation to recharge. This charging mode makes full use of the time of the debris and does not occupy the working time, and is actually an extension of the random charge. Embed charging stations into the AGV's workflow to further improve the efficiency of the AGV. Offline charging is when the AGV is taken out of service and it is charged to a charging area or a special charging station.


    (三)、按操作方法分類可分為 : 手動、電池和自動充電

    當 AGV 功率不足時,地面控制中心定向到指定的充電區域或平臺。AGV 和充電器之間的電氣連接由專職人員手動完成,然后進行充電。在完成后,還可以從連接電路斷開連接以恢復工作狀態。手動充電 AGV 的特點是安全可靠,簡單易行,設備成本低。自動化的要求不是很高,更少的汽車,以及標準的工作系統。并確保 AGV 的耐力需要配備大容量電池。無法每天 24 小時連續工作。

    當電池充電時,當 AGV 電量不足時,由專職人員手動更換電池,AGV 可以投入使用。充電后使用更換的電池組。其特點是簡單快捷,可實現 24 小時連續工作的 AGV。但它需要加倍電池組,成本高,而且方法新穎。它經常用于高時效性和缺乏車輛響應工作的情況。以上兩種方法都需要一個特殊的人來監督,浪費人力,降低自動化程度。一旦失去,它將導致 AGV 無法工作。

    自動充電,即當 AGV 需要補充能量時,它會自動報告和請求自動充電,由地面控制中心指揮,前往指定的充電區域或平臺。車輛充電連接器自動連接到地面充電系統并充電。在充電完成后,自動將 AGV 小車從充電系統中分離出來,并運行到工作區域或備用區域。自動充電 AGV 適用于長時間的工作,更少的汽車和自動化。

    3. According to the operation method, it can be divided into: manual, battery and automatic charging

    When the AGV power is insufficient, the ground control center is directed to the designated charging area or platform. The electrical connection between the AGV and the charger is done manually by a dedicated person, and then charging. After completion, it can also be disconnected from the connecting circuit to resume working condition. The characteristics of manual charging AGV are safe and reliable, simple and easy to operate, and low equipment cost. Automation is less demanding, fewer cars, and standard work systems. And to ensure the endurance of the AGV needs to be equipped with a large-capacity battery. Unable to work 24 hours a day.

    When the battery is charging, when the AGV power is insufficient, the battery is manually replaced by a full-time person, and the AGV can be put into use. Use a replacement battery pack after charging. It is characterized by a simple and fast AGV that can work continuously for 24 hours. But it requires doubling the battery pack, is expensive, and has a novel approach. It is often used in situations of high timeliness and lack of vehicle response work. Both of the above methods require a special person to supervise, waste manpower and reduce the degree of automation. Once lost, it will cause the AGV to not work.

    Automatic charging, that is, when the AGV needs to replenish energy, it will automatically report and request automatic charging, commanded by the ground control center, and go to the designated charging area or platform. The vehicle charging connector automatically connects to the ground charging system and charges. After the charging is completed, the AGV trolley is automatically separated from the charging system and runs to the work area or standby area. Self-charging AGVs for long work hours, fewer cars and automation.


    (四)、根據充電器的電氣連接方式,分為接觸式充電和無線充電

    接觸式充電意味著所有充電電路都需要通過電纜和充電觸點連接,以將車輛連接到電源系統,這樣就可以直接充電。接觸充電可以為快速充電提供一個大的充電電流。目前,它是離線充電的首選。但它不適合頻繁的隨機充電,有一個電荷接觸磨損,需要定期更換。在充電過程中可能產生火花,存在安全隱患。此外,由于充電觸點是裸露的部分,在低溫冷凝、潮濕、易燃、易爆的情況下無法正常工作。

    無線充電是一種非接觸充電裝置。它不需要用電纜將車輛連接到供電系統。它放棄充電觸點,充電器和電子設備可以實現非導電接觸曝光。無線充電技術使充電端與 AGV 能量存儲系統之間的電隔離,從根本上消除了直接插電式充電的缺點。它更安全,也更適用。在 AGV 無線充電產品的現階段,充電效率與接觸充電系統的充電效率相當。由于其無接觸磨損和高智能,非常適合于在線充電。完全做了那是要被填補,那是停止。進一步提高了 AGV 使用過程的自動化程度。但其技術復雜,成本高昂。

    4. According to the electrical connection method of the charger, it is divided into contact charging and wireless charging

    Contact charging means that all charging circuits need to be connected via cables and charging contacts to connect the vehicle to the power system so it can be charged directly. Contact charging can provide a large charging current for fast charging. Currently, it's the go-to for offline charging. But it is not suitable for frequent random charging, there is a charge contact wear and need to be replaced regularly. Sparks may be generated during charging, posing a safety hazard. In addition, since the charging contacts are exposed parts, they cannot work properly in the case of low temperature condensation, humidity, flammability, and explosion.

    Wireless charging is a non-contact charging device. It does not require cables to connect the vehicle to the power supply system. It forgoes charging contacts, allowing non-conductive contact exposure for chargers and electronics. Wireless charging technology provides electrical isolation between the charging end and the AGV energy storage system, fundamentally eliminating the disadvantages of direct plug-in charging. It is safer and more applicable. At the current stage of AGV wireless charging products, the charging efficiency is comparable to that of the contact charging system. Due to its non-contact wear and high intelligence, it is very suitable for online charging. Completely done that is to be filled, that is to stop. It further improves the automation of the AGV use process. But its technology is complicated and the cost is high.

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    鋱羅機器人推出的AGV自動快速充電,當AGV需要充電時,會自動報告并請求充電,由地面控制中心指揮,駛向指定充電區或臺位,車載充電連接器與地面充電系統自動連接并實施充電。成功開始快速充電,充電完成,AGV又繼續開始搬運。其特點是整個充電過程全部實現自動化、智能化,無需專人看管。

    The AGV launched by RJS Robot can automatically and quickly charges. When the AGV needs to be charged, it will automatically report and request charging. It will be commanded by the ground control center and drive to the designated charging area or station. The on-board charging connector is automatically connected to the ground charging system and implemented. Charge. The fast charging is successfully started, the charging is completed, and the AGV continues to move. Its characteristic is that the whole charging process is fully automated and intelligent, and no special person is required to take care of it.


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