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  • 自動導引運輸車AGV術語——附:《AGV自動導引車術語17.3.9》 Automatic Guided Vehicle AGV Terminology - Attached:

    自動導引運輸車(AGVAutomated Guided Vehicle——是指裝備有電磁或光學等自動導引裝置,由計算機控制、輪式移動為特征、并且能夠沿規定的導引路徑自動行駛的運輸車輛。AGV可具有安全防護、移載(裝卸)等多種功能。It refers to a transport vehicle that is equipped with automatic guidance devices such as electromagnetic or optical, is controlled by a computer, features wheeled movement, and can automatically travel along a prescribed guidance path. AGV can have various functions such as safety protection, transfer (loading and unloading) and so on.

     

    自動導引運輸車系統(AGVSAGV System——具備自動導引運輸車特性的一整套系統,一般包括數量不等的AGV車輛,上位控制系統,導航系統,通訊系統和充電系統等。A complete set of systems with the characteristics of automatic guided vehicles, generally including different numbers of AGV vehicles, upper control systems, navigation systems, communication systems and charging systems.

     

    車載控制系統 Onboard control system——用于AGV車輛的計算機控制軟件及其相關器件的總稱。A general term for computer control software and related devices for AGV vehicles.

     

    上位控制系統 Host control system——用于AGV調度系統的計算機控制軟件及其相關器件的總稱。A general term for computer control software and its related devices for AGV scheduling systems.

     

    無人駕駛 Driverless

     

    AGV的主要特性之一:One of the main features of AGV

     

    系統能力 System capacity——AGV系統在單位時間內能夠實現的最大的搬運能力。The maximum handling capacity that the AGV system can achieve in unit time.

     

    系統可靠性 System reliability——AGV系統正常工作時間所占工作總時間的百分比,由于多臺AGV處在并行工作模式中,其中一臺發生故障的時間權值為1/n,n為系統中AGV的總臺數。The percentage of the normal working time of the AGV system to the total working time. Since multiple AGVs are in parallel working mode, the time weight for one of them to fail is 1/n, and n is the total number of AGVs in the system.

     

    地面固定設備 Stationary equipment——AGV系統中,用于上位控制,導航/導引,通訊,充電等設備的總稱。In the AGV system, it is a general term for equipment such as upper control, navigation/guidance, communication, and charging.

     

    反射板 Reflector——在激光導引AGV系統中使用的導航或導引標識物。Navigation or guidance markers used in laser-guided AGV systems.

     

    平面反射板 Flat reflector——反射板的一種類型,反射面為平面。A type of reflector with a flat surface.

     

    柱狀反射板 Column reflector——反射板的一種類型,反射面為柱面。A type of reflector with a cylindrical reflector.

     

    定位標志 Position mark——AGV在停車定位時使用的標識物。The marker used by AGV in parking positioning.

     

    磁帶 Magnetic tape——用于磁帶導引AGV系統的地面導引設施,一般是沿AGV的行駛路徑將其粘貼于地板表面。The ground guidance facility for the tape-guided AGV system is generally pasted to the floor surface along the AGV's travel path.

     

    導引線 Wire——用于電磁導引AGV系統的地面導引設施,一般是沿AGV的行駛路徑將其埋于地下。Ground guidance facilities for electromagnetic guidance AGV systems are generally buried underground along the AGV's travel path.

     

    反光帶 Reflective tape——用于光學導引AGV系統的地面導引標識,按導引傳感器的特點,沿AGV的行駛路徑噴涂或粘貼相應顏色的色帶。The ground guidance mark used for the optical guidance AGV system, according to the characteristics of the guidance sensor, spray or paste the corresponding color ribbon along the driving path of the AGV.

     

    感光帶 Sensitive tape——用于光學導引AGV系統的地面導引標識,按導引傳感器的特點,沿AGV的行駛路徑粘貼或噴涂相應的化學感光材料。For the ground guidance signs of the optical guidance AGV system, according to the characteristics of the guidance sensor, paste or spray the corresponding chemical photosensitive material along the driving path of the AGV.

     

    磁釘 Magnet——定位標識的一種,用磁性材料做成。A kind of positioning mark, made of magnetic material.

     

    頻率發生器 Frequency generator——用于電磁導引AGV系統的地面導引設施,能夠將特定的頻率加載至導引線上。The ground guidance facility for electromagnetic guidance AGV systems can load a specific frequency onto the guide wire.

     

    無線接入點 Wireless access point——以無線局域網方式進行通訊的固定通訊設備。A fixed communication device that communicates by means of a wireless local area network.

     

    無線調制解調器 Radio modem——以射頻(RF)方式進行通訊的通訊設備。A communication device that communicates by means of radio frequency (RF).

     

    無線局域網 Wireless LAN——用于AGV車輛和上位控制系統通訊的網絡。A network for communication between AGV vehicles and upper control systems.

     

    充電站 Charging Station——用于AGV車輛充電的設備及地點的總稱。A general term for equipment and locations used for AGV vehicle charging.

     

    充電連接器 Charging connector——用于AGV車輛充電連接的器件(包括地面和車載)。Devices for AGV vehicle charging connection (including ground and on-board).

     

    物流調度系統服務器Logistic system server——用于運行物流調度系統的計算機。The computer used to run the logistics scheduling system.

     

    AGV調度系統服務器AGV dispatch system server——用于運行AGV調度系統的計算機。The computer used to run the AGV dispatch system.

     

    數據庫服務器 Data base sever——AGV調度系統存儲數據。Store data for the AGV dispatch system.

     

    關聯設備 Correlative equipment——AGV系統相關的外部設備,一般是指與AGV協作完成裝卸貨操作的設備。The external equipment related to the AGV system generally refers to the equipment that cooperates with the AGV to complete the loading and unloading operations.

     

    物流調度系統 Logistic system——AGV系統的上位控制系統,AGV系統的任務可由此系統產生。The upper control system of the AGV system, the tasks of the AGV system can be generated by this system.

     

    AGV調度系統 AGV dispatching system——調度任務執行、車輛分配、路徑分配及交通管制的控制軟件。Control software for scheduling task execution, vehicle allocation, routing, and traffic control.

     

    熱啟動 Warm start——AGV調度系統在上一次退停止時保存的運行狀態數據的基礎上啟動執行。The AGV scheduling system starts and executes on the basis of the running status data saved at the last stop.

     

    冷啟動 Cold start——AGV調度系統啟動執行,重新進行系統初始化。The AGV scheduling system starts execution and re-initializes the system.

     

    系統控制接口 System Control Interface——AGV系統向外界提供的控制接口,使得它能夠被集成到更大的系統中。The control interface provided by the AGV system to the outside world enables it to be integrated into a larger system.

     

    圖形監控 Graphical monitor——以圖形化的方式提供對整個AGV系統運行情況的查詢和人工干預。Provides query and manual intervention on the operation of the entire AGV system in a graphical manner.

     

    通信協議 Communication protocol——AGV調度系統和AGV車輛通信使用的通信協議。The communication protocol used by the AGV dispatching system and the AGV vehicle communication.

     

    通信丟失 Lost communication——AGV調度系統和AGV車輛出現通信中斷,調度系統無法得到AGV車輛狀態。The communication between the AGV dispatching system and the AGV vehicle is interrupted, and the dispatching system cannot obtain the status of the AGV vehicle.

     

    通信頻道 Communication channel——通信設備使用的頻道。The channel used by the communication device.


    主機地址 Host IP address——運行AGV調度系統的服務器使用的IP地址。 The IP address used by the server running the AGV scheduling system.

     

    主機端口 Host port——運行AGV調度系統的服務器監聽端口。The listening port of the server running the AGV scheduling system

     

    自動充電 Auto charging——AGV車輛在AGV調度系統的控制下進行充電。The AGV vehicle is charged under the control of the AGV dispatching system.

     

    手動充電 Manual charging——AGV車輛在操作人員的控制下進行充電,包括人工指令和手動更換電池兩種方式。The AGV vehicle is charged under the control of the operator, including manual instructions and manual battery replacement.

     

    柔性 Flexibility——AGV系統能夠應對各種各樣的流程變化或擴展。AGV systems can handle a wide variety of process changes or expansions.

     

    日志 Log——用于存儲系統運行時發生的重要事件、錯誤等信息。It is used to store important events, errors and other information that occur when the system is running.

     

    工作流程 Work-flow——AGV調度系統執行任務時采用的工藝流程。The process flow used by the AGV scheduling system to perform tasks.

     

    簡單流程 Simple work-flow——AGV的一個搬運任務中,只有一次裝貨,一次卸貨。In a handling task of an AGV, there is only one loading and one unloading.

     

    復雜流程 Complex work-flow——AGV的一個搬運任務中,有多次裝貨或卸貨。In one handling task of an AGV, there are multiple loadings or unloadings.

     

    任務 Order——需要AGV調度系統處理的工作。Work that needs to be handled by the AGV scheduling system.

     

    任務屬性 Order property——任務具有的一些特征性質。Some characteristic properties of tasks.

     

    搬運起點 Pickup point——AGV裝貨的地點。The location of the AGV loading.

     

    搬運終點 Delivery point——AGV卸貨的地點。The location where the AGV is unloaded.

     

    任務調度 Order schedule——AGV調度系統為正在執行的多個任務分配執行時間等資源。The AGV scheduling system allocates resources such as execution time to multiple tasks being executed.

     

    任務優先級 Order priority——任務執行時間和車輛分配的優先級。Task execution time and priority for vehicle assignment.

     

    任務流程 Order work-flow——任務執行時使用的工作流程。The workflow to use when the task executes.

     

    任務取消 Order cancel——AGV調度系統取消正在執行中的任務,結束任務的執行。The AGV scheduling system cancels the task in progress and ends the execution of the task.

     

    任務變更 Order alter——AGV調度系統變更正在執行中的任務的搬運起點、搬運終點。The AGV scheduling system changes the transfer starting point and transfer destination of the task being executed.

     

    最大任務調度量 Maximum number of scheduling order——AGV調度系統能夠調度任務的最大數量。The maximum number of tasks that the AGV scheduling system can schedule.

     

    任務周期 Order life time——任務從生成到結束的時間。The time from when the task was spawned to when it ended.

     

    任務響應時間 Order response time——任務從生成到AGV開始執行任務的時間。The time from when the task is generated to when the AGV starts executing the task.

     

    任務執行時間 Order execute time——任務從開始執行到任務結束的時間。The time from the start of the task execution to the end of the task.

     

    任務統計 Order statistics——AGV調度系統中產生的任務數據進行收集、分析、解釋和表述。Collect, analyze, interpret and express the task data generated in the AGV scheduling system.

     

    計劃任務 Schemed order——AGV調度系統根據計劃自動在特定時間啟動的任務。 The AGV scheduling system automatically starts tasks at a specific time according to a plan.

     

    物流調度系統任務 Host order——AGV調度系統根據物流調度系統的命令啟動的任務。The AGV scheduling system starts the task according to the order of the logistics scheduling system.

     

    人工任務 Manual order——AGV調度系統根據操作人員的命令啟動的任務。The AGV scheduling system starts the task according to the command of the operator.

     

    觸發任務 Trigged order——由某個外部條件觸發AGV調度系統啟動的任務。A task initiated by the AGV scheduling system is triggered by an external condition.

     

    任務查詢 Order query——AGV調度系統詢問任務的執行情況。Ask the AGV scheduling system for the execution of the task.

     

    任務執行紀錄 Order execute record——AGV調度系統紀錄的任務執行狀態和結果。Task execution status and results recorded by the AGV scheduling system.

     

    優先模式 Priority mode——AGV調度系統優先執行任務的模式。The mode in which the AGV scheduling system prioritizes tasks.

     

    復合任務 Combine order——AGV調度系統通過對任務的優化,可將多個任務結合在一起成為一個復合任務。The AGV scheduling system can combine multiple tasks into a composite task by optimizing tasks.

     

    充電任務 Charge Order——AGV調度系統指揮AGV車輛進行充電的任務。The AGV dispatching system directs the AGV vehicle to perform the charging task.

     

    AGV運行模式 AGV running mode——AGV運行時的一些標準模式,如:手動,自動,半自動。Some standard modes of AGV operation, such as: manual, automatic, semi-automatic.

     

    AGV調度 AGV schedule——AGV調度系統根據系統當前的情況安排AGV執行任務和行駛。The AGV scheduling system arranges the AGV to perform tasks and travel according to the current situation of the system.

     

    AGV分配 AGV assignment——以一定的優化原則將AGV調度系統中的任務分配給各臺AGV。The tasks in the AGV scheduling system are allocated to each AGV according to a certain optimization principle.

     

    正常工作率 AGV health rate——AGV無故障工作的時間除以AGV開機時間。Divide the time that the AGV works without failure by the time that the AGV is turned on.

     

    使用率 AGV working rate——AGV執行任務的時間除以AGV正常工作時間。The time the AGV takes to perform the task is divided by the normal working time of the AGV.

     

    空跑率 AGV useless running rate——AGV為執行任務而空跑的時間除以AGV正常工作時間。The time that the AGV is empty-running to perform the task is divided by the normal working time of the AGV.

     

    空閑率 AGV free time rate——AGV沒有搬運任務,處于停止的時間除以正常工作時間。The AGV has no handling tasks, and the time in stop is divided by the normal working time.

     

    路徑搜索 Route search——AGV調度系統在規劃地圖中搜索從搬運起點到搬運終點的路徑。The AGV scheduling system searches the planning map for the path from the starting point of the handling to the ending point of the handling.

     

    最短路徑 The shortest route——規劃地圖中從搬運起點到搬運終點的最短路徑。Plan the shortest path in the map from the start point of the move to the end point of the move.

     

    路徑規劃 Layout——根據實際的AGV應用環境,為AGV設計規劃行駛的路線。According to the actual AGV application environment, design and plan the driving route for the AGV.

     

    Point——用于AGV車輛正常停車的地點。It is used for the normal parking place of the AGV vehicle.

     

    節點Node——指路徑規劃地圖上的分流點及合流點。Refers to the split points and confluence points on the route planning map.

     

    待命點 Wait point——空閑AGV等待命令的點。The point at which the idle AGV waits for a command.

     

    自動插入點 Auto insert point——AGV進行自動插入的點,從而確定自身的位置。The point at which the AGV performs automatic insertion to determine its own position.

     

    避讓點 Evading point——AGV車輛之間進行相互避讓的點。The point where AGV vehicles avoid each other.

     

    通信點 Communication point——AGVAGV調度系統之間進行通信的點。The point of communication between the AGV and the AGV dispatch system.

     

    Segment——AGV車輛嚴格遵照行駛的點和點之間的軌跡路線。AGV vehicles strictly follow the trajectory route between points and points of travel.

     

    直線段 Linear segment——幾何形狀是直線的段。Geometric shapes are segments of straight lines.

     

    曲線段 Curving segment——幾何形狀是曲線的段。A geometric shape is a segment of a curve.

     

    站臺 Station——用于AGV車輛執行操作(如裝卸,充電等)的設備和地點。Equipment and locations for AGV vehicles to perform operations such as loading and unloading, charging, etc.

     

    裝貨站臺 Pickup station——用于輔助AGV車輛進行裝貨的設備或地點。A device or location used to assist AGV vehicles in loading.

     

    卸貨站臺 Delivery station——用于輔助AGV車輛進行卸貨的設備或地點。A device or location used to assist AGV vehicles in unloading.

     

    復合站臺 Combined station——AGV車輛既能夠進行裝貨又卸貨的站臺。A platform where AGV vehicles can both load and unload.

     

    交通管制 Traffic control——AGV調度系統對多臺AGV車輛運行時的交通進行實時的管理和控制。The AGV dispatching system manages and controls the traffic in real time when multiple AGV vehicles are running.

     

    交通阻塞 Traffic block——行駛路線被別的AGV車輛或物體占用,導致AGV停車等待,稱為交通阻塞。The driving route is occupied by other AGV vehicles or objects, causing the AGV to stop and wait, which is called traffic congestion.

     

    死鎖 Dead lock——AGV車輛向AGV調度系統請求不可能得到的路徑資源。AGV vehicles request impossible path resources from the AGV scheduling system.

     

    合流 Confluence——在路徑規劃地圖上,多條路徑匯合成為一條路徑。On the route planning map, multiple routes are combined into one route.

     

    分流 Diffluence——在路徑規劃地圖上,一條路徑分開成為多條路徑。On the path planning map, a path is split into multiple paths.

     

    導引模式 Guidance mode——AGV車輛采用的導航方式或導引算法。The navigation method or guidance algorithm adopted by the AGV vehicle.

     

    導航 Navigation——確定AGV車輛在全局坐標系中的位置及航向。Determine the position and heading of the AGV vehicle in the global coordinate system.

     

    導引 Guidance——按路徑所提供的目標值計算出實際控制命令值,即給出AGV車輛的設定速度和轉向角。The actual control command value is calculated according to the target value provided by the path, that is, the set speed and steering angle of the AGV vehicle are given.

     

    電磁導引 (Inductive) Wire Guidance——以電磁傳感器獲取導引信息,以定位傳感器獲取相對位置的導引模式。The guidance mode in which the electromagnetic sensor is used to obtain the guidance information, and the positioning sensor is used to obtain the relative position.

     

    磁帶導引 Magnetic tape guidance——以磁帶傳感器獲取導引信息,以定位傳感器獲取相對位置的導引模式。The guidance mode in which the tape sensor is used to obtain the guidance information, and the positioning sensor is used to obtain the relative position.

     

    光學導引 Optical guidance——以光學傳感器獲取導引信息,以定位傳感器獲取相對位置的導引模式。A guidance mode in which the optical sensor is used to obtain the guidance information, and the positioning sensor is used to obtain the relative position.

     

    坐標導引 Cartesian guidance——以光學、電磁傳感器等傳感器獲取地面柵格信息,通過運算得到絕對位置信息的導引模式。It uses optical, electromagnetic sensors and other sensors to obtain ground grid information, and obtains the guidance mode of absolute position information through calculation.

     

    激光導航 Laser navigation——以激光掃描器獲取反射板信息,通過三角幾何運算得到絕對位置信息的導引模式。The information of the reflector is obtained by the laser scanner, and the guiding mode of the absolute position information is obtained by the triangular geometric operation.

     

    慣性導航 Inertial navigation——以慣性器件(陀螺 Gyroscope)檢測AGV的角速度,輔助以地面定位標識,從而獲取絕對位置信息的導引模式。The AGV's angular velocity is detected by an inertial device (Gyroscope), and the guidance mode is assisted by ground positioning to obtain absolute position information.

     

    視覺導航 Visual  navigation——以視覺傳感器獲取運行區域的地理信息,通過運算得到絕對位置信息的導引模式。The geographic information of the operating area is obtained by the visual sensor, and the guidance mode of the absolute position information is obtained by calculation.

     

    全球定位系統(GPSGlobal position system——通過衛星獲取絕對位置信息的導引模式。Guidance mode for obtaining absolute position information from satellites.

     

    室內GPS iGPSIndoor GPS——通過接受室內安裝航標塔發射的信號獲取絕對位置信息的導引模式。A guidance mode that acquires absolute position information by receiving the signal emitted by an indoor beacon tower.

     

    差分GPS dGPSDifferential GPS——通過安裝航標塔來修正衛星信號,而獲取絕對位置信息的導引模式。A navigation mode in which absolute position information is obtained by correcting satellite signals by installing a beacon tower.

     

    參考點 Reference point——運動學計算中,用于代表AGV車輛的某一點。In kinematics calculations, it is used to represent a certain point of the AGV vehicle.

     

    位置 Position——AGV車輛在全局坐標系中的坐標,既絕對位置,包括X坐標、Y坐標。The coordinates of the AGV vehicle in the global coordinate system, that is, the absolute position, including X coordinates and Y coordinates.


    航向角 Orientation——AGV車輛全局坐標系中車頭方向與X軸的夾角。The angle between the head direction and the X axis in the global coordinate system of the AGV vehicle.

     

    導引裝置 Guidance equipment——用于獲取AGV車輛導航、導引信息的裝置。A device for obtaining AGV vehicle navigation and guidance information.

     

    激光掃描器 Laser scanner——用于激光導引AGV車輛獲取導航、導引信息的器件。A device used for laser-guided AGV vehicles to obtain navigation and guidance information.

     

    定位傳感器 Position sensor——用于AGV車輛進行位置修正或輔助定位的檢測器件。A detection device used for position correction or auxiliary positioning of AGV vehicles.

     

    驅動模式 Driving mode——AGV車輛根據不同的運動學及動力學算法,可采用不同的驅動方法及驅動輪系布置方式。According to different kinematics and dynamic algorithms, AGV vehicles can adopt different driving methods and driving wheel train arrangements.

     

    驅動單元 Driving assembly——用于AGV車輛驅動及轉向的機構總稱。The general term for the mechanism used for AGV vehicle drive and steering.

     

    驅動電機 Driving motor——用于AGV車輛驅動的電機。Motors for AGV vehicle drive.

     

    轉向電機 Steering motor——用于AGV車輛轉向的電機。Motors for steering of AGV vehicles.

     

    單輪驅動兼轉向(SDSteering driving——只使用同一個驅動單元,其中同時包括驅動轉向功能。Only the same drive unit is used, which also includes the drive steering function.

     

    差速驅動(DIFFDifferential driving——使用兩個不含轉向的驅動單元,利用不同驅動單元速度的變化來完成驅動和轉向功能。Using two drive units without steering, the drive and steering functions are accomplished by utilizing the speed variation of the different drive units.

     

    全方位驅動(QUADQuad motion——使用兩個或兩個以上含有驅動及轉向的驅動單元,使AGV車輛能夠完成任意方向的平面運動。Using two or more drive units with drive and steering enables the AGV vehicle to complete plane motion in any direction.

     

    單輪驅動 Sole-wheel driving——只有一套驅動單元的驅動方式。There is only one set of drive modes for the drive unit.

     

    雙輪驅動 Dual-wheel driving——有兩套驅動單元的驅動方式。There are two sets of driving methods for the drive unit.

     

    多輪驅動 Multi-wheel driving——有兩套以上驅動單元的驅動方式。There are more than two sets of drive units.

     

    車輪承載能力 Wheel load capacity——車輪能夠承受的額定重量。The rated weight that the wheel can carry.

     

    前進 Forward——AGV車輛沿車頭方向向前運動。The AGV vehicle moves forward in the direction of the front of the vehicle.

     

    后退 Backward——AGV車輛沿車頭方向向后運動The AGV vehicle moves backwards in the direction of the head

     

    側移 Crabwise——AGV車輛保持航向不變,向兩側平行運動。The AGV vehicle maintains the same heading and moves parallel to both sides.

     

    轉彎 Turnning——是指改變AGV車輛的航向角。It refers to changing the heading angle of the AGV vehicle.

     

    自旋 Rotating——AGV車輛參考點處的轉彎半徑為0;通常是指差速或全方位驅動型AGV。The turning radius at the AGV vehicle reference point is 0; usually this refers to a differential or omni-drive AGV.

     

    制動器 Braker——驅動電機或移載機構電機的剎車裝置。Brake device for drive motor or transfer mechanism motor.


    AGV自動導引車術語17.3.9.pdf


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